DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND THE IMPORTANCE OF
During the last decade vary large and unexpected megadisasters have occurred: the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, and the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in 2011. Also the 2010 Maule, Chile earthquake, in addition to the 1994 Northridge earthquake in California, the USA and the 1995 Kobe, Japan earthquake, have left a wealth of results that are permitting rapid advancement in science and technology. For example, the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami impulsed the studies of paleotsunamis, and the 2011 Great East japan Earthquake and Tsunami occurred in one of the world best instrumented regions. There, very large numbers of geophysical measurements, horizontal and vertical coseismic displacements, were made. The deformation of the sea bottom provides information for understanding how tsunamis are generated by megathrust earthquakes in subduction zones. The observed coseismic displacements and their interpretation were considered as one of the most important advancements in science in 2011 by an article on the journal SCIENCE.
|Citation: ||Julio KUROIWA (2015). DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND THE IMPORTANCE OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. Bulletin of IISEE, 49, 65-88, 2015.|