In El Salvador, public apartment buildings have been designed using structural systems based on reinforced concrete block masonry wall or reinforced concrete moment-resisting frames that usually have non-structural walls. However, no design methodology has been proposed to date to consider the effect of non-structural walls, and it is still a common practice not to treat walls with large openings as structural walls, and their capacity is usually discarded in the design of the building. Past earthquakes have revealed that the structural systems mentioned above had a high level of damage to their components. Therefore, to obtain practical and economic structures of resilient buildings, this study proposes to use a new construction method recently developed in Japan that has not been used yet in El Salvador. For the implementation of the new construction method, first a methodology of design and numerical model was proposed, then, the accuracy of the model used was verified through the comparison with experimental data obtained from a full-scale static loading test on a five-story building, performed by the Building Research Institute (BRI) of Japan. Finally, with the appropriate numerical model, the seismic performance of the Target Building was improved by considering the effect of the non-structural walls. From these three aspects, the Target Building was designed in this study, which is planned for construction in 2019 in El Salvador.
Keywords: Resilience, Public Apartment Buildings, Wing Wall, Performance-Based Design.